Mr Pompeo gave an impassioned speech urging US allies to come together to tackle the “great power” threats from the three mighty nations. In a meeting of NATO’s foreign ministers on the alliance’s 70th anniversary, he said: “We have rightly sought peace through strength here in Nato. We must continue to do so, especially in this new era of great power competition from Russia, from China, and the Islamic Republic of Iran.” As a result, ministers approved a new wave of measures to counter Russia while also boosting Georgia and Ukraine, of which Crimea was annexed by Russia in 2014. Both Georgia and Ukraine have increased maritime co-operation, patrols and port visits as a result of their aggressive neighbours.
Ministers also renewed calls for Russia to end its annexation of Crimea as well as release Ukrainian sailors and ships it seized in a confrontation last year in the Sea of Azov, which made headlines in December.
They also demanded Russia respect the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty.
The US announced recently it is pull out of the 1987 treaty in August unless Russia complies with the agreement.
Mr Pompeo also spoke of the challenges faced by Turkey after it purchased a Russian air defence system before demanding Germany and other allies increase their defence spending.
The US Secretary of State added a spending boost by US allies would curb terrorism, uncontrolled migration and a threat from new technologies.
The speech came after Russia’s mass overhaul of its arsenal of weapons and military.
Moscow beefed up it military presence in the Arctic region with the installation of an advanced missile defence system and the deployment of 250 personnel to a remote polar outpost.
The Kremlin has pumped vast resources into modernising Soviet-era installations as part of its effort to stake Russia’s claims on the Arctic region.
Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said the military had rebuilt or expanded numerous facilities across the polar region, revamping runways and deploying air defence assets.