According to the creation narrative in the first five chapters of the Book of Genesis, Adam is the first man created by God. In the second narrative, Adam is placed in the Garden of Eden alongside Eve – his companion – and told they can eat freely of the garden, except from a tree of the knowledge of good and evil. However, a serpent deceives the pair into eating a fruit from the forbidden tree and they are banished from the Garden of Eden by God, who curses them to a lifetime of hard labour, followed by death.
According to Christian tradition, the body of Adam was buried in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, directly below Calvery, also known as Golgotha – the spot where Jesus was apparently crucified.
Archaeologist Jodi Magness revealed during Morgan Freeman’s documentary “The Story of God”, how a discovery in the church’s wall led her to believe a key theory has been missed by religious followers.
She said in 2017: “[The clue comes from] underneath the rock of Golgotha, the rocky outcrop which Christians believe Jesus was crucified on.
”Below is the Chapel of Adam and there is a tradition which goes way back in Christianity which connects this spot to Adam – the first man.
“When Jesus was crucified on top of the rock above us, his blood flowed down through a crack in the rock.
“And Adam, the first man, lay buried underneath, but when Jesus’ blood flowed onto him, he was resurrected.”
According to the Bible, Jesus’ resurrection is said to have been followed by a great earthquake across Jerusalem, which caused the crack in the stone.
Jesus’ blood is said to have brought the salvation of God to Adam for his sins, which allowed him to be reconciled back to the Father.
It is said that this act allowed the relationship between God and man to be restored.
Asked if she believed that Adam was actually a metaphor for life as a whole, Dr Magness responded: “Well, yes – of course.
“Adam was the first human and, in Hebrew, the word ‘Adam’ means ‘man’.
“Also, if you take off the ‘a’, you are left with ‘dam’, in Hebrew that means ‘blood’.
“And if you add ‘ah’ to the end, ‘adamah’ means land.”
The revelation comes after Dr Magness also claimed Adam’s burial answers the mystery of where the Garden of Eden may be located.
She said during the same documentary: “Well, the version of the story that ended up in the Book of Genesis seems to place the Garden of Eden somewhere in Mesopotamia.
“But I think Adam had a very special connection with Jerusalem.
“The Garden of Eden, or Paradise, becomes conceptualised as the spot where the presence of God dwells.
“In early Judaism and the time of Jesus the presence of God dwelled in the temple, and hence why Jerusalem was conceived of as Eden [at that time].”